Many science and technology houses are very interested in how to achieve smooth and frosted surface of aluminum alloy die-casting parts, and how aluminum alloy makes such a curved surface. Today, I will introduce you to common aluminum alloy die-casting parts. 5 surface treatment methods.
Method 1: Phosphating aluminum
The effects of accelerators, fluorides, Mn2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, PO4; and Fe2+ on the phosphating process of aluminum have been studied in detail by using SEM, XRD, potential-time curve, film weight change and other methods. Studies have shown that guanidine nitrate has the characteristics of good water solubility, low dosage and rapid film formation. It is an effective accelerator for aluminum phosphating: fluoride can promote film formation, increase film weight, and refine grain; Mn2+, Ni2+, can Obviously refine the crystal grains, make the phosphating film uniform and compact, and improve the appearance of the phosphating film; when the Zn2+ concentration is low, the film cannot be formed or the film formation is poor. As the Zn2+ concentration increases, the film weight increases; PO4 content affects the phosphating film The film weight has a greater impact, increasing PO4. The content increases the weight of the phosphating film.
Method 2: Alkaline electrolytic polishing process of aluminum
Conducted research on alkaline polishing solution system, compared the effects of corrosion inhibitors, viscosity agents, etc. on the polishing effect, successfully obtained an alkaline solution system with good polishing effect, and obtained for the first time that it can reduce the operating temperature and extend the use of the solution Additives that improve the longevity of the polishing effect at the same time. The experimental results show that adding appropriate additives to the NaOH solution can produce a good polishing effect.
Exploratory experiments also found that after DC constant voltage electrolytic polishing with glucose NaOH solution under certain conditions, the reflectivity of the aluminum surface can reach 90%, but due to the unstable factors in the experiment, further research is needed. The feasibility of using DC pulse electrolytic polishing method to polish aluminum under alkaline conditions is explored. The results show that the pulse electrolytic polishing method can achieve the leveling effect of DC constant voltage electrolytic polishing, but its leveling speed is slow.
Method 3, Aluminum and aluminum alloy environmentally friendly chemical polishing
Determined to develop a new environmentally friendly chemical polishing technology with phosphoric acid-sulfuric acid as the base fluid. This technology should achieve zero emission of NOx and overcome the quality defects of similar technologies in the past. The key to the new china die casting technology is to add some special compounds to the base fluid to replace nitric acid. For this reason, it is necessary to analyze the three-acid chemical polishing process of aluminum, especially the role of nitric acid. The main function of nitric acid in aluminum chemical polishing is to inhibit pitting corrosion and improve polishing brightness. Combined with the chemical polishing test in simple phosphoric acid-sulphuric acid, it is believed that the special substances added to phosphoric acid-sulphuric acid should be able to inhibit pitting corrosion and slow down overall corrosion, and must have good leveling and brightening effects.
Method 4: Electrochemical surface strengthening treatment of aluminum and its alloys
The process, performance, morphology, composition and structure of the ceramic-like amorphous composite conversion coating formed by anodic oxidation and deposition of aluminum and its alloys in a neutral system, and the film formation process and mechanism of the film have been preliminarily discussed.
The process research results show that in the Na_2WO_4 neutral mixing system, the concentration of the film-forming accelerator is controlled to be 2.5～3.0g/l,
The concentration of the complexing film agent is 1.5～3.0g/l, the concentration of Na_2WO_4 is 0.5～0.8g/l, the peak current density is 6～12A/dm2, weak agitation, it can obtain a complete, uniform, good gloss gray series inorganic non Metal film layer. The film has a thickness of 5-10μm, a microhardness of 300-540HV, and excellent corrosion resistance. The neutral system has good adaptability to aluminum alloys, and can form a good film on various series of aluminum alloys such as rust-proof aluminum and forged aluminum.
Method 5: YL112 aluminum alloy surface treatment technology
YL112 aluminum alloy is widely used in structural die casting parts of automobiles and motorcycles. The material needs to be surface treated before application to improve its corrosion resistance and form a surface layer that is easy to combine with the organic coating to facilitate the subsequent surface.